Best programming languages to learn in 2018

In recent years as the web has continued to evolve, a few different streams of web development have emerged. Front end web development (also known as client side web development) deals with the part of the web that the user interacts with – the part that pretty much everyone who uses the internet is familiar with. Back end web development (or server side web development) deals with all those things that run in the background to make websites or web apps work, like databases and scripts. Then there are full stack web developers, who can do all of the above.


Developed in the 1990s and still the most in demand language, Java is the gold standard in web development all over the world, in every area. It’s object oriented, class based and works on any platform, making it extremely versatile. If you want to make your safe employable to pretty much every tech company in the world, this is the way to go. Fun fact: Java was originally intended for interactive television, but its creators soon realised it was too far ahead of its time for that particular industry. The rest is history.


A new kid on the block compared to some other languages in this list, Python is extremely easy to learn and is a dynamic, all-purpose language. Although more popular as a back end language, it can do pretty much anything you want it to. Designed with the goal of being readable, simple, and most of all fun, this is a new favourite of developers in all areas of the industry and is the number one ‘beginner’ language to learn. It’s flexible and extremely powerful, and has a very bright future.


A front end language used for creating and developing websites, desktop apps and games. JavaScript runs on all browsers and can be worked with on programs that are not web based. It supports both functional and object oriented programming styles, and is basically your go-to for making stellar user interfaces and websites/apps/games that look super cool. Understanding JavaScript is important even if your heart is set on server side development; the components, data structures and algorithms apply to almost every other language.


Hand in hand with JavaScript is CSS and HTML – together they make up the holy trinity of front end web development. HTML (Hyper Text Mark Up Language) is the language of web browsers – what websites are made with. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) makes them look cool and better than those awful sites from the early days of the web. It’s essential for front end web developers to know these guys inside out, and pretty helpful for back end developers, so you can understand how your server side changes affect the end user.


General purpose, well compiled and around since 1979, C++ is an object oriented, very technical language. Extremely powerful and with extensive libraries, this is one of the cornerstone languages of back end development. Especially useful for high performance programs and template-heavy programs, this stalwart isn’t going anywhere just yet. If you already know C (or if you’ve learned C++ and want to turn your hand to C), you’re already part of the way there.


PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language used to form dynamic web pages, fast. A great choice for both front and back end developers to add to their arsenal (but especially the latter), it’s behind such web giants as WordPress and Facebook. PHP makes it quick and easy to expand web apps and run websites that have repeated server tasks (like refreshing news feeds). It’s open source and is very popular among startup business, media agencies and e-commerce – the kind of people who often hire new-ish web developers.


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